Sources[ edit ] In the Wesleyan tradition, Christian theology and thus Christian ethics are informed by four distinguishable sources known as the Wesleyan Quadrilateral. The four sources are scripturetraditionreason, and Christian experience. Stephen LongJewish ethics and the life of Jesus figure prominently in Christian ethics,  but "The Bible is the universal and fundamental source of specifically Christian ethics",  Long also claims "Christian ethics finds its source in diverse means, but it primarily emerges from the biblical narrative and especially the call of Abraham and Sarah and subsequent creation of the Jewish people".
The Formative Influences on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He lived, thought, and acted, inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peaceand harmony.
We may ignore him at our own risk. King arrive at this statement? Who and what were the formative influences? Were those influences restricted to Gandhi, or were there other, equally important individuals whom Dr.
It appears that there were a myriad of thinkers, philosophers, and people whom King knew personally, who were responsible for shaping his approach. Martin Luther King, Sr. As pastor of the local church, he embedded strong religious ideals in his son and linked him to the church.
King soon left to begin his formal education at Morehouse College, where he became acquainted with the remarkable president of the school, Dr. Mays, who influenced generations of black students. This propensity to shape the minds of black students was not lost on young King.
Later on, he publicly recognized Dr. Mays as an enormous influence on him in his formative years. King is said to have believed that without God, nonviolence lacked substance and potency.
Academic Influences It was with a strong Christian faith in hand that Martin Luther King embarked upon his formal education. As Martin moved on to the seminary, he began to pass countless hours studying social philosophers, including Plato, Aristotle, Rousseau, Hobbes, Bentham, Mill, and Locke.
Next came Hegel and his contention that "truth is the whole. While King deplored the substituting of materialism for religious values, he applauded Marx for exposing the injustices of capitalism, promoting class consciousness among the workers, and challenging the complacency of the Christian churches.
It was in part due to his reading of Marx that King became convinced that capitalism had failed the needs of the masses and that it had outlived its usefulness. When it comes to identifying his greatest influence, however, I think King might place Walter Rauschenbush ahead of all of these philosophers, for his bookChristianity and the Social Crisis.
For example, he used the concept "agape" Christian brotherly love in ways that showed the unmistakable influence of Paul Ramsey.
Ramsey has coined the phrase "enemy-neighbor" the neighbor includes the enemy and referred to regarding him with love as the ultimate in agape, for in such cases nothing can be expected in return.
Niebuhr played a vital part in stimulating the renaissance of theology in the United States. He felt that Niebuhr led him to a fuller understanding of group behavior, human motives, and the connection between power and morality.
It is interesting to note that Niebuhr was critical of using anything except force to combat imperialism, territorial aggression, and class exploitation.
Even Gandhian nonviolence was viewed by Niebuhr as a form of coercion. Even though King recognized how greatly Black Americans were outnumbered and that it was, in effect, hopeless to attempt violence as a solution, he was skeptical of pacifism at this point. His warming toward nonviolence began on a Sunday afternoon in Philadelphia, where inhe attended a lecture by Dr.
Mordecai Johnson, who discussed the teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi "It is ironic, yet inescapably true that the greatest Christian of the modern world was a man who never embraced Christianity. He felt compelled to expand his knowledge of Gandhi, and after reading a number of his books, began to lose his skepticism about the power of love.
King himself states in Stride Toward Freedom, "Gandhi was probably the first person in history to lift the love ethic of Jesus above mere interaction between individuals to a powerful and effective social force on a large scale. I came to feel that this was the only morally and practically sound method open to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom.
At the time, however, King was still in the seminary and lacked a clear idea about how it might be applied effectively. Still, the whole idea of satyagraha developed a special meaning to him. For King, agape was at the heart of the teachings of Jesus.
Gandhism was a way to fight the oppression of black Americans - a method that was consistent with the Christian ethic of love. InKing visited India and became fully convinced that satyagrahacould be effectively applied to the struggle by blacks in the United States for racial integration.
King was now thinking about love as an engine for social change. He saw the importance of the ethos of nonviolence as a cohesive force within the black struggle. The nonviolent civil rights movement was born. That would lead to anarchy.Martin Luther King, Sr., quite often referred to simply as "Daddy King," served as the first role model for young Martin Luther King, Jr.
and one of the principal influences in molding his personality.
SYNOPSIS. Much like the man he was named for, Martin Luther King, Jr., was a reformer and a revolutionary. A minister and civil rights leader whose legacy will reverberate through history long after we’re gone, King’s philosophy and theology were influenced by the black church’s “social gospel,” which sought to alleviate societal problems based on Christian ethics, white Protestant.
In his writings, John Calvin attempted to return to what he felt was the Christian faith before it was corrupted by the Roman church. His theology and his emphasis on thrift is still felt today in the many branches of Calvinist religion.
Calvin wrote The Institutes of the Christian Religion which became the classic text of Protestant theology. Saint Martin of Braga was an archbishop of Bracara Augusta in Gallaecia, a missionary, a monastic founder, and an ecclesiastical author. According to his contemporary, the historian Gregory of Tours, Martin was plenus virtutibus and in tantum se litteris imbuit ut nulli secundus sui temporis haberetur.
He was canonized in the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church for his work in converting . The type of Christianity that underlies his writings is a very serious strain of Lutheran pietism informed by the dour values of sin, guilt, suffering, and individual responsibility.
One of Kierkegaard’s main interventions in cultural politics was his sustained attack on Hegelianism. largely through the teachings of H.L. Martensen.
As a moral being, the Christian follows the biblical ethic. As a spiritual being, he or she prays and attends worship services.
But as a thinking being, the modern Christian has succumbed to secularism, accepting a frame of reference constructed by the secular mind and a .