There were black soldiers serving with Hessian units, most of them as drummers or fifers. Rall's regiment was captured, and many of the soldiers were sent to Pennsylvania to work on farms. It agreed to send 4, soldiers:
Waldeck 1, Notice the Italicized outlier of the bunch, Hesse-Cassel. That is where I want to focus this article from this point forward.
Hesse-Cassel is where we get the name, Hessians. Hesse-Cassel located off the Rhine River and did not have a profitable economy. The Thirty Years War in Europe had decimated its infrastructure and when Freidrich Wilhelm took control of this impoverished nation-state he began to turn its economy into a military state.
The Hessians from Hesse-Cassel quickly gained the reputation as the best mercenaries in Germany. The men of Hesse-Cassel would take part in one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War.
He was an ambitious man who seemed to inherit a tough situation. Hesse-Cassel, was not positioned on a major trade route and had been Hessian mercenaries by war.
By it had not yet recovered from the Thirty Years War which took place more than a century earlier. In another war broke out and ravaged the land again. Wilhelm was raised to be a soldier and had grown to love the discipline that martial life instilled.
He was a Hessian mercenaries Roman Catholic, student of the enlightenment, and held high regard for Prussian commander, Frederick the Great. While he studied natural law and reason he also practiced discipline.
He studied the Prussian military and began to model his army off of what he believed to be the greatest army in Europe. Wilhelm ruled his nation-state as an enlightened ruler. He tried to establish a rule of law and began a series of reforms.
During his tenure he also expanded the Hessian military. Hesse-Cassel had been in a state of war for generations and Wilhelm believed that the only way to protect his borders was to establish a strong and competent army, which he did.
Under his guidance the Hessian army became the largest army in proportion in all of Europe and possible the world.
Each of his officers were career military men and were well-educated. They knew how to kill, speak various languages, and think logically. By the time of the American Revolutionary War Freidrich Wilhelm had created on of the most formidable armies in the world. Now he sought to monetize his military.
He had a high sense of social hierarchy and often was despised by his peers. One of which was Johann Gottlieb Rall.
He was considered an able officer, but unfortunately his attitude was disliked by those under him. He had served in the army for over 35 years when he left Hesse-Cassel for America. He was beloved by his men and a distinguished commander.
He was charismatic and fair to his men. During battle, he always remained under control and disciplined and his men soon had that same reputation. He kept a journal in which he was critical of many of his superiors.
Although he was recognized for his ability he could only go so far in the Hessian army. After he returned from the America he migrated to Portugal where he was given the rank of General. Recruitment Recruitment was well-organized in Hesse-Cassel. At seven years of age every male would register for the military.
At sixteen years of age each male would appear for examination. The recruiter would then decide if their physical body was able to withstand a military life. After their examination at sixteen they would return every Easter for a re-examination until they were thirty years old.The characterization of Hessian troops as "mercenaries" remains controversial over two centuries later.
American history textbooks refer to the Hessians as "mercenaries." American historian Charles Ingrao said that the local prince had turned Hesse into a "mercenary state" by renting out his regiments to fund his government.
In North America, the German troops are often referred to as “Hessian Mercenaries,” but this is somewhat of an inaccuracy. Great Britain hired 34, German soldiers, of which more than half, 18,, were from the Principality of Hesse-Kassel, which resulted in all German soldiers being generalized as “Hessians.”.
The story explains that the Patriots made quick work of the bumbling mercenaries besotted with holiday cheer.
But the Hessian troops were hardly the hapless drunks of legend. Rather, they were generally excellent schwenkreis.comees: Germans in the American Revolution Jump to Historian Charles W. Ingrao examines The Hessian Mercenary State: Ideas, Institutions, and Reform under Frederick II, ().
The mercenaries of Hesse were very well trained and equipped; they fought well for whoever was paying their prince. Hessian soldiers in the Revolutionary War The opponents in Parliament to the action of the ministry were numerous, and comprised some of the foremost men in that body The military position of the country was still worse.
The story explains that the Patriots made quick work of the bumbling mercenaries besotted with holiday cheer. But the Hessian troops were hardly the hapless drunks of legend.
Rather, they were generally excellent schwenkreis.comees: